A type of retina cell plays a more critical role in vision than previously known, a team led by Johns Hopkins University researchers has discovered.
Recent news from The Johns Hopkins University
This section contains regularly updated highlights of the news from around The Johns Hopkins University. Links to the complete news reports from the nine schools, the Applied Physics Laboratory and other centers and institutes are to the left, as are links to help news media contact the Johns Hopkins communications offices.
The old adage “Looks can be deceiving” certainly rings true when it comes to people. But it is also accurate when describing special, light-sensing cells in the eye, according to a Johns Hopkins University biologist. In a study recently published in Nature, a team led by Samer Hattar of the Department of Biology at the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and Tudor Badea at the National Eye Institute found that these cells, which were thought to be identical and responsible for both setting the body’s circadian rhythm and the pupil’s reaction to light and darkness, are actually two different cells, each responsible for one of those tasks.
It would make the perfect question for the popular television show “Are You Smarter than a 5th Grader:” What parts of the eye allow us to see? The conventional wisdom: rods and cones. The human retina contains about 120 million rods, which detect light and darkness, shape and movement, and about 7 million cones, which in addition detect color. Without them, or so we are taught, our eyesight simply would not exist. But that might not be true, according to a study — published July 15 in the journal Neuron and led by Johns Hopkins biologist Samer Hattar — that provides new hope to people who have severe vision impairments or who are blind.